The Quiqueran hospital
This hospital was built in the 16th century in the middle of the French Wars of Religion. On this once open esplanade, we find the courtyard of the “Quiqueran” hospital, or rather “charity house”. At ground-floor level, it comprised a portico formed from three large arches and at first-floor level a gallery adorned with columns that supported the roof. This façade bears testament to the sophisticated culture of its builders, who gave it the regular and sober style of the high Renaissance, in vogue at the time. The building was entered from the other side, from a road to the north of the building that was once lined with houses. The façade was not decorated and would have had a very austere appearance.
This “charity house” relied on donations from private individuals, which their heirs continued to pay from generation to generation. Some of these donations were in the form of money, but the majority were given as wheat, wine or oil.
In the second half of the 18th century, the Quiqueran “charity house” still housed six paupers, six invalids and one live-in servant. After the French Revolution, it was transferred due to lack of funds to Maussane hospital, where its archives can still be found.